Company formation in Germany at a glance
To establish and register a company in Germany, you must meet various requirements:
• Specifying the business concept
• Determining the legal structure of the company
• Selecting a unique trade name
• Having a registered office in Germany
• Deposit of share capital
• Compilation of the company's articles of association
Then, you have to go through different steps such as choosing the appropriate legal form, preparing a business plan, notarizing documents, registering a business, registering for taxes, obtaining permits, opening a business bank account, and obtaining various insurances in Germany.
Non-residents in Germany may need to appoint an authorized representative, obtain a visa or residence permit, and open a business bank account at banks that provide services to non-resident clients.
The situation is more complicated for non-EU nationals. They must meet particular requirements for obtaining a visa, residence, and work permit,choosing a legal form, and appointing an authorized representative. Fluency in German is also beneficial for them.
The German salary system is well-regulated to guarantee transparency, accuracy, and compliance with legal requirements. Employers are often responsible for accurately calculating and processing employee salaries according to German labor laws and contractual conditions.
Employees in Germany usually receive their salaries every month. The employers must provide their employees with detailed pay slips containing the various salary components, tax deductions, social security contributions, and other additional payments. They deduct some mandatory deductions such as income tax, social security contributions, health insurance contributions, and pension contributions directly from employees' salaries and pay them to the competent authorities.
• According to the principle of freedom of trade, all people can register a business in Germany if they provide the necessary documents, permits, and approvals.
• If you set up a business or branch, start a commercial activity, take over, relocate, or expand a business in Germany, you must register it. However, freelancers are exempt from business registration.
• As an entrepreneur in Germany, it is necessary to register your business at the latest until the start of activity. Otherwise, you may face fines or penalties.
• The local trade office of the municipality or city where the business is located in Germany is the responsible body for registration.
• You must complete and submit the relevant form when registering your profession in Germany. Also, bring your passport or ID card with you. Depending on the type of business, you may need to provide additional documents.
In recent years, we have seen significant growth and unprecedented promotion of entrepreneurship in Germany. The reason for that can be having a robust and dynamic startup ecosystem and a supportive business environment. Germany is known for advanced and reliable infrastructure, innovation, and excellence in engineering sciences. In this article from Wise Business Group, we will explain why Germany has become an attractive destination for entrepreneurs.
• A small business in Germany can provide the prerequisites for moving towards self-employment. This type of business is attractive for founders who want to start without worries, with low capital, or as a side business.
• Business registration and obtaining a license is essential for starting a small business in Germany. Entering the commercial register is not required. However, depending on the business, some documents may be required.
• Accounting for a small business in Germany is simple and is done using surplus income accounting. Also, there is no obligation to keep accounts and publish annual financial statements in the Federal Gazette.
• You can use the legal forms of sole proprietorship, UG, GbR, or GmbH to set up your small business in Germany as an individual or a group. However, you should pay attention to things such as liability, requirements related to double-entry bookkeeping, and entry into the commercial register.